In 2015, two days after the Charlie Hebdo massacre, four Jews were murdered at a Paris kosher supermarket, Hypercacher. Since then, violence against French Jews has become commonplace.
It has been 125 years since the arrest and conviction of Alfred Dreyfus. Although Jew-hatred had been present for thousands of years, this French event was a vivid example of antisemitism – a term coined merely 15 years earlier. Rather than remember the tragedy of the Dreyfus Affair, the French chose in 2019 to accelerate discrimination and intimidation of their Jewish population, which is the largest in Europe.